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for CentOS 6.10

-1/ Installer and Manual install instructions

Make sure you are reading the parsed version of this Document. When in doubt click here.


In the future, to install MISP on a fresh CentOS 6 install all you need to do is:

# Please check the installer options first to make the best choice for your install
wget -O /tmp/
bash /tmp/

# This will install MISP Core
wget -O /tmp/
bash /tmp/ -c
The above does NOT work yet

0/ MISP CentOS 6 Minimal NetInstall - Status


Maintained and tested by the community.
Parts of the installation procedures can also be found in the automatic VM generator script of misp-packer.


There are technically only minor differences between CentOS and RHEL.
For more information on what might differ, this StackExchange question might answer some questions.


Semi-maintained and tested by @SteveClement, CentOS 6.10 on 20190417
It is still considered experimental as not everything works seemlessly.


Maintenance will end on: November 30th, 2020 Source[0] Source[1]

CentOS 6.10 NetInstallURL

MISP configuration variables

# <snippet-begin>
# $ eval "$(curl -fsSL | grep -v \`\`\`)"
# $ MISPvars
MISPvars () {
  debug "Setting generic ${LBLUE}MISP${NC} variables shared by all flavours" 2> /dev/null
  # Local non-root MISP user
  MISP_PASSWORD="$(openssl rand -hex 32)"

  # MISP configuration variables

  # The web server user
  # RHEL/CentOS
  if [[ -f "/etc/redhat-release" ]]; then
  # Debian flavoured
  elif [[ -f "/etc/debian_version" ]]; then
  # OpenBSD
  elif [[ "$(uname -s)" == "OpenBSD" ]]; then
  # NetBSD
  elif [[ "$(uname -s)" == "NetBSD" ]]; then
    # I am feeling lucky

  if [ -z "$FQDN" ]; then

  if [ -z "$MISP_BASEURL" ]; then


  # Database configuration
  DBPASSWORD_ADMIN="$(openssl rand -hex 32)"
  DBPASSWORD_MISP="$(openssl rand -hex 32)"

  # OpenSSL configuration
  OPENSSL_OU='Organizational Unit'

  # GPG configuration
  GPG_REAL_NAME='Autogenerated Key'
  # On a REAL install, please do not set a comment, see here for why:
  GPG_COMMENT='WARNING: MISP AutoGenerated Key consider this Key VOID!'
  # 3072 bits used as per suggestions here:
  GPG_PASSPHRASE="$(openssl rand -hex 32)"

  # debug alias to make sure people are not confused when blindly copy pasting blobs of code
  alias debug="echo -e"

  # checkAptLock alias to make sure people are not confused when blindly copy pasting blobs of code
  alias checkAptLock="echo 'Function used in Installer to make sure apt is not locked'"

  # php.ini configuration


  # sudo config to run $LUSER commands
  if [[ "$(groups ${MISP_USER} |grep -o 'staff')" == "staff" ]]; then
    SUDO_USER="sudo -H -u ${MISP_USER} -g staff"
    SUDO_USER="sudo -H -u ${MISP_USER}"
  SUDO_WWW="sudo -H -u ${WWW_USER} "

  echo "The following DB Passwords were generated..."
  echo "Admin (${DBUSER_ADMIN}) DB Password: ${DBPASSWORD_ADMIN}"
  echo "User  (${DBUSER_MISP}) DB Password: ${DBPASSWORD_MISP}"
# <snippet-end>
# CentOS Specific
RUN_PHP='/usr/bin/scl enable rh-php70 '
RUN_PYTHON='/usr/bin/scl enable rh-python36 '
SUDO_WWW='sudo -H -u apache'


1/ Minimal CentOS install

Install a minimal CentOS 6.x system with the software:

  • OpenSSH server
  • LAMP server (actually, this is done below)
  • Mail server
# Make sure you set your hostname CORRECTLY vs. like an brute (manually in /etc/hostname)
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname misp.local # Your choice, in a production environment, it's best to use a FQDN

# Make sure your system is up2date:
sudo yum update -y

2/ Dependencies *

Once the system is installed you can perform the following steps as root or with sudo.

# We need some packages from the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux repository
curl -o /tmp/epel.rpm
sudo rpm -Uvh /tmp/epel.rpm

# php 7.2
# sudo rpm -Uvh
# sudo yum install yum-utils
# sudo yum-config-manager --enable remi-php72
# sudo yum update

# Since MISP 2.4 PHP 5.5 is a minimal requirement, so we need a newer version than CentOS base provides
# Software Collections is a way do to this, see
sudo yum install centos-release-scl -y

# Because vim is just so practical
sudo yum install vim -y

# Install the dependencies:
sudo yum install gcc git zip \
       httpd \
       mod_ssl \
       redis \
       mysql-server \
       python-devel python-pip python-zmq \
       libxslt-devel zlib-devel ssdeep-devel -y

# Install PHP 7.0 from SCL, see
sudo yum install rh-php70 rh-php70-php-fpm rh-php70-php-devel rh-php70-php-mysqlnd rh-php70-php-mbstring rh-php70-php-xml rh-php70-php-bcmath rh-php70-php-gd

# Install Python 3.6 from SCL, see
sudo yum install rh-python36 -y

# rh-php70-php only provided mod_php for httpd24-httpd from SCL
# if we want to use httpd from CentOS base we can use rh-php70-php-fpm instead
sudo chkconfig rh-php70-php-fpm on
sudo service rh-php70-php-fpm start

# php-fpm is accessed using the fcgi interface
sudo yum install mod_fcgid mod_proxy_fcgi


$RUN_PHP makes php available for you if using rh-php70. e.g: $RUN_PHP "pear list | grep Crypt_GPG"

# GPG needs lots of entropy, haveged provides entropy
sudo yum install haveged -y
sudo chkconfig haveged on
sudo service haveged start

# Enable and start redis
sudo chkconfig redis on
sudo service redis start

3/ MISP code

# Download MISP using git in the /var/www/ directory.
sudo mkdir $PATH_TO_MISP
sudo chown apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP
cd /var/www
$SUDO_WWW git clone
##$SUDO_WWW git checkout tags/$(git describe --tags `git rev-list --tags --max-count=1`)
# if the last shortcut doesn't work, specify the latest version manually
# example: git checkout tags/v2.4.XY
# the message regarding a "detached HEAD state" is expected behaviour
# (you only have to create a new branch, if you want to change stuff and do a pull request for example)

# Fetch submodules
$SUDO_WWW git submodule update --init --recursive
# Make git ignore filesystem permission differences for submodules
$SUDO_WWW git submodule foreach --recursive git config core.filemode false

# Create a python3 virtualenv
$SUDO_WWW $RUN_PYTHON "virtualenv -p python3 $PATH_TO_MISP/venv"
sudo mkdir /var/www/.cache
sudo chown apache:apache /var/www/.cache
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install -U pip setuptools

# install Mitre's STIX and its dependencies by running the following commands:
sudo yum install python-importlib python-lxml python-dateutil python-six -y
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts
$SUDO_WWW git clone
$SUDO_WWW git clone
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts/python-cybox
# If you umask is has been changed from the default, it is a good idea to reset it to 0022 before installing python modules
umask 0022
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts/python-stix
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install .

# install maec
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install -U maec

# install zmq
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install -U zmq

# install redis
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install -U redis

# lief needs manual compilation
sudo yum install devtoolset-7 cmake3 -y

sudo yum install
sudo yum install git -y
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts
$SUDO_WWW git clone --branch master --single-branch lief

# TODO: Fix static path with PATH_TO_MISP
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts/lief
$SUDO_WWW mkdir build
cd build
$SUDO_WWW scl enable devtoolset-7 rh-python36 'bash -c "cmake3 \
-DLIEF_DOC=off \
-DPYTHON_EXECUTABLE=/var/www/MISP/venv/bin/python \
$SUDO_WWW make -j3
sudo make install
cd api/python/lief_pybind11-prefix/src/lief_pybind11
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/python install
$SUDO_WWW ${PATH_TO_MISP}/venv/bin/pip install

# install magic, pydeep
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install -U python-magic
## pydeep does not compile ):
## git+

# install mixbox to accommodate the new STIX dependencies:
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts/
$SUDO_WWW git clone
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts/mixbox
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install .

# install STIX2.0 library to support STIX 2.0 export:
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/cti-python-stix2
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install .

# install PyMISP
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install .

# Enable python3 for php-fpm
echo 'source scl_source enable rh-python36' | sudo tee -a /etc/opt/rh/rh-php70/sysconfig/php-fpm
sudo sed -e 's/^;\(clear_env = no\)/\1/' /etc/opt/rh/rh-php70/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sudo service rh-php70-php-fpm restart

umask $UMASK

# Enable dependencies detection in the diagnostics page
# This allows MISP to detect GnuPG, the Python modules' versions and to read the PHP settings.
echo "env[PATH] =/opt/rh/rh-python36/root/usr/bin:/opt/rh/rh-php70/root/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin" |sudo tee -a /etc/opt/rh/rh-php70/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sudo service rh-php70-php-fpm restart

4/ CakePHP

CakePHP is now included as a submodule of MISP and has been fetch by a previous step.

Install CakeResque along with its dependencies if you intend to use the built in background jobs.

sudo chown -R apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP
sudo mkdir /var/www/.composer/
sudo chown apache:apache /var/www/.composer/
cd $PATH_TO_MISP/app
# Update composer.phar (optional)
#$SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- php -r "copy('', 'composer-setup.php');"
#$SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === 'a5c698ffe4b8e849a443b120cd5ba38043260d5c4023dbf93e1558871f1f07f58274fc6f4c93bcfd858c6bd0775cd8d1') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"
#$SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP "php composer-setup.php"
#$SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"
$SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP "php composer.phar install"

sudo yum install php-redis -y
sudo service rh-php70-php-fpm restart

# If you have not yet set a timezone in php.ini
echo 'date.timezone = "Europe/Luxembourg"' |sudo tee /etc/opt/rh/rh-php70/php-fpm.d/timezone.ini
sudo ln -s ../php-fpm.d/timezone.ini /etc/opt/rh/rh-php70/php.d/99-timezone.ini

# Recommended: Change some PHP settings in /etc/opt/rh/rh-php70/php.ini
# max_execution_time=300
# memory_limit=2048M
# upload_max_filesize=50M
# post_max_size=50M
for key in upload_max_filesize post_max_size max_execution_time max_input_time memory_limit
    sudo sed -i "s/^\($key\).*/\1 = $(eval echo \${$key})/" $PHP_INI
sudo service rh-php70-php-fpm restart
# To use the scheduler worker for scheduled tasks, do the following:
sudo cp -fa $PATH_TO_MISP/INSTALL/setup/config.php $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResque/Config/config.php

5/ Set the permissions

# Make sure the permissions are set correctly using the following commands as root:
sudo chown -R apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP
sudo find $PATH_TO_MISP -type d -exec chmod g=rx {} \;
sudo chmod -R g+r,o= $PATH_TO_MISP
sudo chmod -R 750 $PATH_TO_MISP
sudo chmod -R g+xws $PATH_TO_MISP/app/tmp
sudo chmod -R g+ws $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files
sudo chmod -R g+ws $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts/tmp
sudo chmod -R g+rw $PATH_TO_MISP/venv
sudo chmod -R g+rw $PATH_TO_MISP/.git
sudo chown apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files
sudo chown apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/terms
sudo chown apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/files/scripts/tmp
sudo chown apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Plugin/CakeResque/tmp
sudo chown -R apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config
sudo chown -R apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/tmp
sudo chown -R apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/webroot/img/orgs
sudo chown -R apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/webroot/img/custom

6/ Create a database and user

# Enable, start and secure your mysql database server
sudo chkconfig mysqld on
sudo service mysqld start
sudo yum install expect -y

# Add your credentials if needed, if sudo has NOPASS, comment out the relevant lines

expect -f - <<-EOF
  set timeout 10

  spawn sudo mysql_secure_installation
  expect "*?assword*"
  send -- "$pw\r"
  expect "Enter current password for root (enter for none):"
  send -- "\r"
  expect "Set root password?"
  send -- "y\r"
  expect "New password:"
  send -- "${DBPASSWORD_ADMIN}\r"
  expect "Re-enter new password:"
  send -- "${DBPASSWORD_ADMIN}\r"
  expect "Remove anonymous users?"
  send -- "y\r"
  expect "Disallow root login remotely?"
  send -- "y\r"
  expect "Remove test database and access to it?"
  send -- "y\r"
  expect "Reload privilege tables now?"
  send -- "y\r"
  expect eof

sudo yum remove tcl expect -y

# Additionally, it is probably a good idea to make the database server listen on localhost only
echo [mysqld] |sudo tee /etc/my.cnf.d/bind-address.cnf
echo bind-address= |sudo tee -a /etc/my.cnf.d/bind-address.cnf
sudo service mysqld restart

Manual procedure:

# Enter the mysql shell
mysql -u root -p
mysql> create database misp;
mysql> grant usage on *.* to misp@localhost identified by 'XXXXXXXXX';
mysql> grant all privileges on misp.* to misp@localhost ;
mysql> exit

Same as Manual but for copy/paste foo:

sudo mysql -u $DBUSER_ADMIN -p$DBPASSWORD_ADMIN -e "create database $DBNAME;"
sudo mysql -u $DBUSER_ADMIN -p$DBPASSWORD_ADMIN -e "grant usage on *.* to $DBNAME@localhost identified by '$DBPASSWORD_MISP';"
sudo mysql -u $DBUSER_ADMIN -p$DBPASSWORD_ADMIN -e "grant all privileges on $DBNAME.* to '$DBUSER_MISP'@'localhost';"
sudo mysql -u $DBUSER_ADMIN -p$DBPASSWORD_ADMIN -e "flush privileges;"

Import the empty MySQL database from MYSQL.sql


7/ Apache configuration


SELinux note, to check if it is running:

$ sestatus
SELinux status:                 disabled
If it is disabled, you can ignore the chcon/setsebool/semanage/checkmodule/semodule* commands.

# Now configure your apache server with the DocumentRoot $PATH_TO_MISP/app/webroot/
# A sample vhost can be found in $PATH_TO_MISP/INSTALL/old/apache.misp.centos6

sudo cp $PATH_TO_MISP/INSTALL/old/apache.misp.centos6 /etc/httpd/conf.d/misp.conf

# Allow httpd to connect to the redis server and php-fpm over tcp/ip
sudo setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect on

# Enable and start the httpd service
sudo chkconfig httpd on
sudo service httpd start

# Open a hole in the iptables firewall
sudo iptables -I INPUT 5 -p tcp --dport 80 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
sudo service iptables save

# We seriously recommend using only HTTPS / SSL !
# Add SSL support by running: yum install mod_ssl
# Check out the apache.misp.ssl file for an example
# If a valid SSL certificate is not already created for the server, create a self-signed certificate:
sudo openssl req -newkey rsa:4096 -days 365 -nodes -x509 \
-keyout /etc/ssl/private/misp.local.key -out /etc/ssl/private/misp.local.crt

8/ Log rotation

# MISP saves the stdout and stderr of its workers in $PATH_TO_MISP/app/tmp/logs
# To rotate these logs install the supplied logrotate script:

sudo cp $PATH_TO_MISP/INSTALL/misp.logrotate /etc/logrotate.d/misp
sudo chmod 0640 /etc/logrotate.d/misp

# Now make logrotate work under SELinux as well
# Allow logrotate to modify the log files
sudo semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_log_t "$PATH_TO_MISP/app/tmp/logs(/.*)?"
sudo chcon -R -t httpd_log_t $PATH_TO_MISP/app/tmp/logs
sudo chcon -R -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t $PATH_TO_MISP/app/tmp/logs

# Allow logrotate to read /var/www
sudo checkmodule -M -m -o /tmp/misplogrotate.mod $PATH_TO_MISP/INSTALL/misplogrotate.te
sudo semodule_package -o /tmp/misplogrotate.pp -m /tmp/misplogrotate.mod
sudo semodule -i /tmp/misplogrotate.pp

9/ MISP configuration

# There are 4 sample configuration files in $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config that need to be copied
$SUDO_WWW cp -a $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/bootstrap.default.php $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/bootstrap.php
$SUDO_WWW cp -a $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/database.default.php $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/database.php
$SUDO_WWW cp -a $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/core.default.php $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/core.php
$SUDO_WWW cp -a $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/config.default.php $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/config.php

echo "<?php
        public \$default = array(
                'datasource' => 'Database/Mysql',
                //'datasource' => 'Database/Postgres',
                'persistent' => false,
                'host' => '$DBHOST',
                'login' => '$DBUSER_MISP',
                'port' => 3306, // MySQL & MariaDB
                //'port' => 5432, // PostgreSQL
                'password' => '$DBPASSWORD_MISP',
                'database' => '$DBNAME',
                'prefix' => '',
                'encoding' => 'utf8',
}" | $SUDO_WWW tee $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/database.php

# Configure the fields in the newly created files:
# config.php   : baseurl (example: 'baseurl' => 'http://misp',) - don't use "localhost" it causes issues when browsing externally
# core.php   : Uncomment and set the timezone: `// date_default_timezone_set('UTC');`
# database.php : login, port, password, database
# DATABASE_CONFIG has to be filled
# With the default values provided in section 6, this would look like:
#   public $default = array(
#       'datasource' => 'Database/Mysql',
#       'persistent' => false,
#       'host' => 'localhost',
#       'login' => 'misp', // grant usage on *.* to misp@localhost
#       'port' => 3306,
#       'password' => 'XXXXdbpasswordhereXXXXX', // identified by 'XXXXdbpasswordhereXXXXX';
#       'database' => 'misp', // create database misp;
#       'prefix' => '',
#       'encoding' => 'utf8',
#   );

# Important! Change the salt key in $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/config.php
# The admin user account will be generated on the first login, make sure that the salt is changed before you create that user
# If you forget to do this step, and you are still dealing with a fresh installation, just alter the salt,
# delete the user from mysql and log in again using the default admin credentials (admin@admin.test / admin)

# If you want to be able to change configuration parameters from the webinterface:
sudo chown apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/config.php
sudo chcon -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Config/config.php

# Generate a GPG encryption key.
cat >/tmp/gen-key-script <<EOF
    %echo Generating a default key
    Key-Type: default
    Key-Length: $GPG_KEY_LENGTH
    Subkey-Type: default
    Name-Real: $GPG_REAL_NAME
    Name-Comment: $GPG_COMMENT
    Name-Email: $GPG_EMAIL_ADDRESS
    Expire-Date: 0
    Passphrase: $GPG_PASSPHRASE
    # Do a commit here, so that we can later print "done"
    %echo done

sudo gpg --homedir $PATH_TO_MISP/.gnupg --batch --gen-key /tmp/gen-key-script
sudo rm -f /tmp/gen-key-script
sudo chown -R apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/.gnupg

# And export the public key to the webroot
sudo gpg --homedir $PATH_TO_MISP/.gnupg --export --armor $GPG_EMAIL_ADDRESS |sudo tee $PATH_TO_MISP/app/webroot/gpg.asc
sudo chown apache:apache $PATH_TO_MISP/app/webroot/gpg.asc

# Start the workers to enable background jobs
sudo chmod +x $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Console/worker/
$SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP $PATH_TO_MISP/app/Console/worker/

if [ ! -e /etc/rc.local ]
    echo '#!/bin/sh -e' | sudo tee -a /etc/rc.local
    echo 'exit 0' | sudo tee -a /etc/rc.local
    sudo chmod u+x /etc/rc.local

# TODO: Fix static path with PATH_TO_MISP
sudo sed -i -e '$i \su -s /bin/bash apache -c "scl enable rh-php70 /var/www/MISP/app/Console/worker/" > /tmp/worker_start_rc.local.log\n' /etc/rc.local
# Make sure it will execute
sudo chmod +x /etc/rc.local

echo "Admin (root) DB Password: $DBPASSWORD_ADMIN"
echo "User  (misp) DB Password: $DBPASSWORD_MISP"
# some misp-modules dependencies
sudo yum install -y openjpeg-devel

sudo chmod 2777 /usr/local/src
sudo chown root:users /usr/local/src
cd /usr/local/src/
$SUDO_WWW git clone
cd misp-modules
# pip install
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install -I -r REQUIREMENTS
# The following fails
$SUDO_WWW $PATH_TO_MISP/venv/bin/pip install .
sudo yum install rubygem-rouge rubygem-asciidoctor -y
##sudo gem install asciidoctor-pdf --pre

# install additional dependencies for extended object generation and extraction
$SUDO_WWW ${PATH_TO_MISP}/venv/bin/pip install maec python-magic pathlib
$SUDO_WWW ${PATH_TO_MISP}/venv/bin/pip install git+

# Start misp-modules
$SUDO_WWW ${PATH_TO_MISP}/venv/bin/misp-modules -l -s &

# TODO: Fix static path with PATH_TO_MISP
sudo sed -i -e '$i \sudo -u apache /var/www/MISP/venv/bin/misp-modules -l -s &\n' /etc/rc.local

MISP Dashboard on CentOS


Does not work on RHEL 8

# <snippet-begin>
# Main MISP Dashboard install function
mispDashboard () {
  sudo yum install wget screen -y
  sudo mkdir /var/www/misp-dashboard
  sudo chown $WWW_USER:$WWW_USER /var/www/misp-dashboard
  $SUDO_WWW git clone /var/www/misp-dashboard
  cd /var/www/misp-dashboard
  sudo sed -i -E 's/sudo apt/#sudo apt/'
  sudo sed -i -E 's/virtualenv -p python3 DASHENV/\/usr\/bin\/scl enable rh-python36 \"virtualenv -p python3 DASHENV\"/'
  sudo -H /var/www/misp-dashboard/
  sudo sed -i "s/^host\ =\ localhost/host\ =\" /var/www/misp-dashboard/config/config.cfg
  sudo sed -i '/Listen 80/a Listen' /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
  sudo yum install rh-python36-mod_wsgi -y
  sudo cp /opt/rh/httpd24/root/usr/lib64/httpd/modules/ /etc/httpd/modules/
  sudo cp /opt/rh/httpd24/root/etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/10-rh-python36-wsgi.conf /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/

  echo "<VirtualHost *:8001>
      ServerAdmin admin@misp.local
      ServerName misp.local
      DocumentRoot /var/www/misp-dashboard

      WSGIDaemonProcess misp-dashboard \
         user=misp group=misp \
         python-home=/var/www/misp-dashboard/DASHENV \
         processes=1 \
         threads=15 \
         maximum-requests=5000 \
         listen-backlog=100 \
         queue-timeout=45 \
         socket-timeout=60 \
         connect-timeout=15 \
         request-timeout=60 \
         inactivity-timeout=0 \
         deadlock-timeout=60 \
         graceful-timeout=15 \
         eviction-timeout=0 \
         shutdown-timeout=5 \
         send-buffer-size=0 \
         receive-buffer-size=0 \
         header-buffer-size=0 \
         response-buffer-size=0 \
      WSGIScriptAlias / /var/www/misp-dashboard/misp-dashboard.wsgi
      <Directory /var/www/misp-dashboard>
          WSGIProcessGroup misp-dashboard
          WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}
          Require all granted
      LogLevel info
      ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/misp-dashboard.local_error.log
      CustomLog /var/log/httpd/misp-dashboard.local_access.log combined
      ServerSignature Off
  </VirtualHost>" | sudo tee /etc/httpd/conf.d/misp-dashboard.conf

  sudo semanage port -a -t http_port_t -p tcp 8001
  sudo systemctl restart httpd.service

  # Add misp-dashboard to rc.local to start on boot.
  sudo sed -i -e '$i \sudo -u apache bash /var/www/misp-dashboard/ > /tmp/misp-dashboard_rc.local.log\n' /etc/rc.local

  # Enable ZeroMQ for misp-dashboard
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_enable" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_event_notifications_enable" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_object_notifications_enable" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_object_reference_notifications_enable" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_attribute_notifications_enable" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_sighting_notifications_enable" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_user_notifications_enable" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_organisation_notifications_enable" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_port" 50000
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_redis_host" "localhost"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_redis_port" 6379
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_redis_database" 1
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_redis_namespace" "mispq"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_include_attachments" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_tag_notifications_enable" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.ZeroMQ_audit_notifications_enable" false
# <snippet-end>

Initialize MISP configuration and set some defaults

# <snippet-begin>
# Core cake commands to tweak MISP and aleviate some of the configuration pains
# The $RUN_PHP is ONLY set on RHEL/CentOS installs and can thus be ignored
# This file is NOT an excuse to NOT read the settings and familiarize ourselves with them ;)

coreCAKE () {
  debug "Running core Cake commands to set sane defaults for ${LBLUE}MISP${NC}"

  # IF you have logged in prior to running this, it will fail but the fail is NON-blocking
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE userInit -q

  # This makes sure all Database upgrades are done, without logging in.
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin runUpdates

  # The default install is Python >=3.6 in a virtualenv, setting accordingly
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.python_bin" "${PATH_TO_MISP}/venv/bin/python"

  # Set default role
  # TESTME: The following seem defunct, please test.
  # $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE setDefaultRole 3

  # Tune global time outs
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Session.autoRegenerate" 0
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Session.timeout" 600
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Session.cookieTimeout" 3600

  # Change base url, either with this CLI command or in the UI
  # example: 'baseurl' => 'https://<>',
  # alternatively, you can leave this field empty if you would like to use relative pathing in MISP
  # 'baseurl' => '',
  # The base url of the application (in the format as visible externally/by other MISPs.
  # MISP will encode this URL in sharing groups when including itself. If this value is not set, the baseurl is used as a fallback.
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.external_baseurl" $MISP_BASEURL

  # Enable GnuPG
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "" "$GPG_EMAIL_ADDRESS"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "GnuPG.homedir" "$PATH_TO_MISP/.gnupg"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "GnuPG.password" "$GPG_PASSPHRASE"
  # FIXME: what if we have not gpg binary but a gpg2 one?
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "GnuPG.binary" "$(which gpg)"

  # Enable installer org and tune some configurables
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.host_org_id" 1
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "" "info@admin.test"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.disable_emailing" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "" "info@admin.test"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.disablerestalert" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.showCorrelationsOnIndex" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.default_event_tag_collection" 0

  # Provisional Cortex tunes
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_services_enable" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_services_url" ""
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_services_port" 9000
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_timeout" 120
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_authkey" ""
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_ssl_verify_peer" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_ssl_verify_host" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Cortex_ssl_allow_self_signed" true

  # Various plugin sightings settings
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Sightings_policy" 0
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Sightings_anonymise" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.Sightings_range" 365

  # Plugin CustomAuth tuneable
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.CustomAuth_disable_logout" false

  # RPZ Plugin settings
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_policy" "DROP"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_walled_garden" ""
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_serial" "\$date00"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_refresh" "2h"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_retry" "30m"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_expiry" "30d"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_minimum_ttl" "1h"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_ttl" "1w"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_ns" "localhost."
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_ns_alt" ""
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Plugin.RPZ_email" "root.localhost"

  # Force defaults to make MISP Server Settings less RED
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.language" "eng"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.proposals_block_attributes" false

  # Redis block
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.redis_host" ""
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.redis_port" 6379
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.redis_database" 13
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.redis_password" ""

  # Force defaults to make MISP Server Settings less YELLOW
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.ssdeep_correlation_threshold" 40
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.extended_alert_subject" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.default_event_threat_level" 4
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.newUserText" "Dear new MISP user,\\n\\nWe would hereby like to welcome you to the \$org MISP community.\\n\\n Use the credentials below to log into MISP at \$misp, where you will be prompted to manually change your password to something of your own choice.\\n\\nUsername: \$username\\nPassword: \$password\\n\\nIf you have any questions, don't hesitate to contact us at: \$contact.\\n\\nBest regards,\\nYour \$org MISP support team"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.passwordResetText" "Dear MISP user,\\n\\nA password reset has been triggered for your account. Use the below provided temporary password to log into MISP at \$misp, where you will be prompted to manually change your password to something of your own choice.\\n\\nUsername: \$username\\nYour temporary password: \$password\\n\\nIf you have any questions, don't hesitate to contact us at: \$contact.\\n\\nBest regards,\\nYour \$org MISP support team"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.enableEventBlacklisting" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.enableOrgBlacklisting" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.log_client_ip" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.log_auth" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.disableUserSelfManagement" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.block_event_alert" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.block_event_alert_tag" "no-alerts=\"true\""
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.block_old_event_alert" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.block_old_event_alert_age" ""
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.incoming_tags_disabled_by_default" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.maintenance_message" "Great things are happening! MISP is undergoing maintenance, but will return shortly. You can contact the administration at \$email."
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.footermidleft" "This is an initial install"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.footermidright" "Please configure and harden accordingly"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.welcome_text_top" "Initial Install, please configure"
  # TODO: Make sure $FLAVOUR is correct
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.welcome_text_bottom" "Welcome to MISP on $FLAVOUR, change this message in MISP Settings"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.attachments_dir" "$PATH_TO_MISP/app/files"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.download_attachments_on_load" true
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.title_text" "MISP"
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.terms_download" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.showorgalternate" false
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.event_view_filter_fields" "id, uuid, value, comment, type, category,"

  # Force defaults to make MISP Server Settings less GREEN
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Security.password_policy_length" 12
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin setSetting "Security.password_policy_complexity" '/^((?=.*\d)|(?=.*\W+))(?![\n])(?=.*[A-Z])(?=.*[a-z]).*$|.{16,}/'

  # Set MISP Live

# This updates Galaxies, ObjectTemplates, Warninglists, Noticelists, Templates
updateGOWNT () {
  # AUTH_KEY Place holder in case we need to **curl** somehing in the future
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_MYSQL -- mysql -u $DBUSER_MISP -p$DBPASSWORD_MISP misp -e "SELECT authkey FROM users;" | tail -1 > /tmp/auth.key
  AUTH_KEY=$(cat /tmp/auth.key)
  rm /tmp/auth.key

  debug "Updating Galaxies, ObjectTemplates, Warninglists, Noticelists and Templates"
  # Update the galaxies…
  # TODO: Fix updateGalaxies
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin updateGalaxies
  # Updating the taxonomies…
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin updateTaxonomies
  # Updating the warning lists…
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin updateWarningLists
  # Updating the notice lists…
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin updateNoticeLists
  # Updating the object templates…
  $SUDO_WWW $RUN_PHP -- $CAKE Admin updateObjectTemplates "1337"
# <snippet-end>


If you have installed the recommended Python 3 virtualenv to the recommended place of ${PATH_TO_MISP}/venv set the following MISP configurable

sudo -H -u www-data $CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.python_bin" "${PATH_TO_MISP}/venv/bin/python"
or on CentOS
sudo -u apache $RUN_PHP "$CAKE Admin setSetting "MISP.python_bin" "${PATH_TO_MISP}/venv/bin/python""


Make sure that the STIX libraries and GnuPG work as intended, if not, refer to the relevant sections in the install guide you are currently reading.


Now log in using the webinterface: http://misp/users/login
The default user/pass = admin@admin.test/admin
Using the server settings tool in the admin interface (Administration -> Server Settings), set MISP up to your preference.
It is especially vital that no critical issues remain!
Don't forget to change the email, password and authentication key after installation.
Once done, have a look at the diagnostics.


If any of the directories that MISP uses to store files is not writeable to the apache user, change the permissions
you can do this by running the following commands:

chmod -R 750 ${PATH_TO_MISP}/<directory path with an indicated issue>
# /!\ Depending on your OS replace www-data with apache or www or whatever user is the web server user.
chown -R www-data:www-data ${PATH_TO_MISP}/<directory path with an indicated issue>


If anything goes wrong, make sure that you check MISP's logs for errors:

# ${PATH_TO_MISP}/app/tmp/logs/error.log
# ${PATH_TO_MISP}/app/tmp/logs/resque-worker-error.log
# ${PATH_TO_MISP}/app/tmp/logs/resque-scheduler-error.log
# ${PATH_TO_MISP}/app/tmp/logs/resque-2018-10-25.log //where the actual date is the current date

  • By default CakePHP exposes its name and version in email headers. Apply a patch to remove this behavior.

  • You should really harden your OS

  • You should really harden the configuration of Apache
  • You should really harden the configuration of MySQL
  • Keep your software up2date (MISP, CakePHP and everything else)
  • Log and audit

Hardening a base system


MISP is a web-based information sharing platform, by design it is kept rather simple and hardening can be done by following the common best practices.

Bare in mind that neither the MISP documentation efforts or the core MISP project can give you the ultimate guide on how to harden your system. This is not the purpose of the MISP Project but the purpose and care of those individuals and organizations deploying MISP Instances.

Nevertheless here is a very rough food for thoughts bulletpoint list for you to consider, and a list of some hardening ressources below.

  • Are we using SSL by default? (Especially when syncing over the internet and exposing the API)
  • How to we access the machine remotely? Via ssh? What is the path to get there? Does a bastion host make sense?
  • Is the machine shared with other user accounts? Do I need to care about useri-land security due to this sharing?
  • Is the instance deployed in the "cloud"? Is it a VPS? AWS? docker? ansible? kubernetes? whateverCloudContainterMagicIsFancibleNow?
  • Do we need to encrypt the partitions where some data is stored?
  • Are we redundant in case one MISP instance might fail?
  • Is the database server and any other servers running on the machine bound to localhost? Do we need to expose because our setup is more complex?
  • Do we have enough storage? What about MISP and size estimation anyways?
  • Do we care about BIOS updates?
  • Do we care about physical access to the servers? (Disabling USB ports etc...)
  • Is any fancy management engine à la IME in use?


To make Apache less verbose in terms of sending banners, the belo might help.

diff --git a/apache2/conf-available/security.conf b/apache2/conf-available/security.conf
index f9f69d4..2e8fd78 100644
--- a/apache2/conf-available/security.conf
+++ b/apache2/conf-available/security.conf
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@
 # Set to one of:  Full | OS | Minimal | Minor | Major | Prod
 # where Full conveys the most information, and Prod the least.
 #ServerTokens Minimal
-ServerTokens OS
+ServerTokens Prod
 #ServerTokens Full

@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ ServerTokens OS
 # Set to "EMail" to also include a mailto: link to the ServerAdmin.
 # Set to one of:  On | Off | EMail
 #ServerSignature Off
-ServerSignature On
+ServerSignature Off

 # Allow TRACE method


IT Security Guidelines for TLS by

Weak Diffie-Hellman and the Logjam Attack

Debian Wiki Hardening

CentOS Hardening

Some Linux hardening tips